Monday, 15 June 2020
Monday, 10 February 2020
Monday, 8 July 2019
Just as we do each year, Summer Camp will be outdoors on the mid August weekend.
We will be covering techniques from
GYOKKO Ryu KOSHI Jutsu
KOTO Ryu KOPPO Jutsu
We will be covering KATANA, BOKKEN, BO, JO, HANBO and TONFA in our KOBUDO weapons drills
We will be covering DOUBLE STICK, SINGLE STICK, KNIFE and DOUBLE KNIFE from KALI
We will be covering KRABI KRABONG weapons drills from THAI including SPEAR and DOUBLE SWORD
We will be covering DEFENCE against:
STICK and CLUB
and the MUTODORI defence against the KATANA
Everyone is welcome from Beginner to Advanced Black Belt
At the TODA family Dojo, Shinden Fudo Ryu was the first art taught to the members.
This Ryuha has both a Dakentaiutsu striking based system like Kempo or Karate, and a Jutaijutsu grappling based system.
It is known that IZUMO, the founder, also founded Kukki Shinden Ryu though the schools were not passed down together. With the DakenTaijutsu and Jutaijutsu in the unarmed range, with the KukkiShinden weapons system, the original family members were complete warriors.
At the Toda dojo, members would learn KOTO Ryu and GYOKKO Ryu together, and then learn TOGAKURE RYU at the advanced level, making them NINJA.
Takamatsu Sensei tells us he learn the Shinden Fudo then Koto then Togakure. The Gyokko Ryu was taught alongside Koto. The schools of Kumagakure and Gyokushin schools were taught in parallel to Togakure, also being schools of Ninjutsu. Takamatsu often referred to himself as "A Warrior of the KOPPO Jutsu Tradition".
These form the 6 schools of the TODA- Den, 3 Samurai and 3 Ninja, passed down to Takamatsu, who became Soke of all 6 once his Grandfather died.
Both Gyokko Ryu and Koto Ryu use a sword, metsubishi, and Shuriken.
The Togakure Ryu masters Shuriken, the SHUKO claws, and the SHOGE weapon, which completes the foundation NINJA weapons cycle.
The Togakure Biken Jutsu, sword method, as well as Katana and Kodachi, includes the Jutte truncheon and Tessen fan come from Kukki Shinden.
The longer Ninja battlefield weaponry, spears and halbereds, etc, come from Kukki Shinden.
ISHITANI was the Soke of the Kukkishinden and it is from him that Takamatsu received his training and the scrolls.
Because Shinden Fudo Ryu was not passed on with the Kukkishiden and vice versa, The Takagi Yoshin Ryu was paired with it, so the weapons system and Unarmed system were practiced together, though kept as two schools.
With Takagi Yoshin substituting for the grappling of the missing Shinden Fudo JuTaijitsu, Ishitani still needed a hard "Karate" to take the place of the missing DakenTaijutsu of the Shinden Fudo. This was the inspiration for Ishitani mastering the Gikan Ryu Koppo Jutsu.
GIKAN Ryu was based on Gyokko Ryu, where Uryu studied. However it is a hard KOPPO Jutsu system, developed similarly to how the TODA family developed KOTO Ryu, basing it on Gyokko. This is similar to how different schools and styles of KARATE developed in different regions.
It is interesting to speculate about different historical developments had Shinden Fudo Ryu and Kukkishinden Ryu been passed down together, so both TODA and ISHITANI would have had a similar training path.
Would Takagi Yoshin Ryu have stayed with the Mizuto line, and what would have become of Gikan Ryu for example.
As it stands the Takagi Yoshin is particularly interesting to us as it is the Indoor Body Guard system, as opposed to the Outdoor Battlefield system.
SHINDEN FUDO RYU, in the absence of the Kukki Shinden system, still passes on some unique battlefield training methods
YARI - spear
NAGINATA - halberd
ONO - war axe
O TSUCHI - war hammer
As expected the use of the over size weapons is based on the TAIJUTSU movements and Sabaki
This school also practices the HOJO Jutsu rope methods
KUKKISHINDEN weapons include
SO JUTSU - Yari spear
NAGINATA - Halberd
BISENTO - long weapon
BOJUTSU - staff
HANBOJUTSU - half staff
KODACHI short sword
TAOKE NO JUTSU is the art of overcoming an enemy from a distance, mastered by battlefield Commanders of high rank and Generals - also known to the NINJA JONIN
The GYOKUSHIN Ryu, as a school of Ninjutsu, makes special use of Hojo rope, as well as the lassoo, and the KUSARI chain weapons - Kusari Fundo and Manriki Gusari
The KUMOGAURE Ryu a school of NINJUTSU, has specialised climbing tool such as the Kama Yari, which is also a weapon. It was used in the SUI MIZU Water method for climbing the sides of wooden ships. It can also be used in the MOKU Wood method for moving between trees. As a weapon it is specifically used for fighting swordsmen
The ippon sugi noburi - single cedar climbing tool - is a specialised climbing tool and weapon.
The armour, including Demon mask and armoured sleeves, comes from this Ryuha.
Though the TAIJUTSU comes from Togakure and therefore Gyokko, this school makes more use of jumping while fighting. Use if made of double blocks and double strikes in the fighting techniques.
The 9 schools are passed down to us through Takamatsu Sensei "the last living true Ninja"
Takamatsu's teachers were:
Toda Shinryuken Masamitsu, his grandfather, who taught 6 systems at the Toda family Dojo - Togakure, Gyokko, Koto, Shinden Fudo, Kumogakure, and Gyokoshin.
Ishitani - head of Security at the family's factory in Kobe who passed on Kukishinden and Gikan.
Mazuta - the Soke of Takagi Yoshin Ryu who taught and passed on this ryuha. Takamatsu learnt this art at the Mazuta Dojo, and also trained in it with Ishitani who was a Master, (with Takagi Yoshin forming the unarmed combat of the Kukishinden). However, it is directly from Mazuta that Takamatsu inherits the Soke title and Densho.
Founded by Daisuke Togakure in the 12th Century.
Toda Seiryu Nobutsuna was the 24th Soke of Togakure Ryu when he inherited the school in the early 17th century. This was passed down the Toda family until Toda Shinryuken Masamitsu who passed the school to Takamatsu who became the 33rd Soke.
Cho Gyokku left China during the Tang dynasty and arrived in Japan. This could have been anywhere from 7th to 10th Century. The techniques of "Tiger striking" were passed down until the Gyokko Ryu was formed in the 12th Century by the Tozawa family.
Toda Nobutsuna was the 18th Soke of Gyokko Ryu. Masamitsu passed it to Takamatsu, making him 27th Soke.
The Sakagami family, the Toda ancestors, founded this ryuha in the 16th century.
Toda Nobutsuna was the 9th Soke of this school when he inherited it in the 17th century. Masamitsu passed it to Takamatsu, making him 17th Soke.
Sasaki, founder of Gyokushin, was from the Gyokko Ryu. Toda Nobutsuna was the 11th Soke. Takamatsu was the 20th Soke.
This school was created by the Toda family in the 16th century. Nobutsuna was the 5th Soke, Takamatsu was the 14th.
SHINDEN FUDO RYU:
Izumo founded this school in the 12th century. He also founded the Kukishinden Ryu.
This ryuha, however, is passed down through the Toda family, while Kukishinden comes to us from Ishitani.
This school of unarmed combat is based on the Chinese Kempo that Izumo learned.
Toda Masumitsu was the 25th Soke, with Takamatsu being the 26th.
This school was founded by Uryu in the 16th century, and passed down through 10 generations until it passed to the Ishitani father and son.
Gikan Uryu was the 10th Soke, last in the family line.
Ishitani became the 11th and 12th Sokes, who passed it to Takamatsu, making him the 13th.
This school has it's roots in the Kukishin school. Kuki means Nine Demons, and was the martial name of Kurando, it's founder.
This ryuha was founded by Izumo in the 12th century, and passed down through the Izumo family. He also founded the Shinden Fudo Ryu.
Ishitani were the 25th and 26th sokes, Takamatsu was the 27th.
TAKAGI YOSHIN RYU:
This ryuha was founded by the Takagi family in the 17th century.
Mizuta was the 15th Soke, who passed it to Takamatsu, making him the 16th.
There are 9 schools, or ryuha to give them their Japanese name that are considered Ninja schools
1. TOGAKURE RYU NINPO
2. GYOKKO RYU KOSHIJUTSU
3. KOTO RYU KOPPOJUTSU
4. SHINDEN FUDO RYU DAKENTAIJUTSU
5. KUKI SHINDEN RYU HAPPO HIKEN
6. TAKAGI YOSHIN RYU JUTAIJUTSU
7. KUMOGAKURE RYU NINJUTSU
8. GYOKIJSHIN RYU NINPO
9. GIKAN RYU KOPPOJUTSU
only 3 of these are actually "ninjutsu" or ninpo in the truest sense
the other 6 were MAs practiced by Ninja clan that became complete schools - some are based on Kempo, some of Japanese JJ or Kenjutsu
What makes them Ninja is that they were used by the Ninja against the samurai, tactics preceding techniques as always
It is not necessary to go into any real depth with these schools early in your career, but they may be referred to in class
this is similar to how a shuto is done different in kempo to kyukushin karate to shotokan and why taijutsu's kiten ken is a unique technique not a variation on karate or kempo's shuto
In this level the katas deal with simple situations by various solutions and tactics. The main theme is Koto ryu's core; breaking the opponent's balance, posture and movement. To apply this theme the Shoden level Kata uses Tai Sabaki, Kyushu (Attacking vulnerable points), attack to different heights, unexpected punches and deception. These components happen in reply to different situations.
Batsugi kata - Removal technique
Hosoku kata - Capture approach
Kako kata - Bind and beat
Kata maki kata
Kyogi kata - Rejected Technique
Oh gyaku kata, Koto ryu
Saku geki kata - Wrenching Attack
Shato kata - Diagonal Topple
Setto kata - Break and Knock down
Shihaku kata - Finger Clap
Tan geki kata - Bearing Intensity
Ten chi kata,
Ura nami kata
Yokuto kata - Scooping and Throwing
Chuden gata level of Koto ryu
Hida - jumping strike
Hisaku - jumping squeeze
Hicho - flying bird
Hito - jumping knock down
Kappi - arresting jump
Monpi - stroking jump
Suito - winter knock down
Gohi - rat jump
Hehi - ruinous jump
Teki gaeshi - hitting return
Koto - throat knock down
Kakuhi - abducting jump
Okuden Gata level of Koto ryu
Konpi - Tying Up Jump
Josetsu - Catch and Fold
Koto - Tiger Throw
Kouki - Koki - Konoki - Punching Demons
Ran Setsu - Chaos Snow
Shinsen - Spirit Snip
Sosetsu - Hold Fold
Soto - Grasp Fall
Santo, (muto dori) - Meet and Throw
Santo, (taijutsu) - Meet and Throw
Kimon, Okuden gata level - Koto ryu
Ura Kimon, Okuden gata level - Koto ryu
Hekito Gata level of Koto ryu
Batsu yo, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Boku hen, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Damara, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Kibo, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Kuahi, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Saki ryoku, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Shuriki, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Soku boku, Hekito gata level - Koto ryu
Where Gyokko Ryu has the sanshin and kihon happo based around the stances and applications, Koto Ryu has the KURAI DORI
Kurai Dori means "taking position" - the five combat stances or "attitudes"
The Koto Ryu is based on koppojutsu (bone attacking blocks) techniques, where Gyokko Ryu is based on koshijutsu (muscle/organ attacks).
Koto Ryu is straighter in directional movement, and the Gyokko Ryu revolves more on a circular basis
(either in yourself or in your opponent when taking their balance).
Koto Ryu techniques use short distancing between the two opponents, the Gyokko Ryu uses greater distance.
(Largo and Medio)
Koto Ryu techniques are shorter, quick, and straight to the point, Gyokko Ryu has longer more complicated techniques, and the techniques have more movement.
Koto Ryu concentrates more on striking, and the Gyokko Ryu more on locks and throws.
If both schools are studied completely, the student will know all forms of fighting, including distance, striking, throws, and locks. Both schools compliment each other and to study only one is to know only half of one of the two schools.
The name of the school, ‘Tiger Knocking Down’, refers to knocking down the tiger with the tips of the fingers - the Chuden Kata techniques sometimes start this way.
Attacks to the face, in addition to metsubushi, are common in the techniques of the school.
Yoko Aruki (cross stepping), and Toki (stamping).
Koto Ryu sword uses the same principles as the Unarmed Combat.
Koto Ryu (Tiger knocking down School)
"to knock the Tiger down with the tips of the fingers"
KO - Tiger
TO - Sword
Tiger Sword School
Not unlike kyukushin karate this method involves linear strikes to break bones - aggressive, linear attacks using the larger bones to strike the weaker ones of your opponent
First Rule - hit fucking hard
This ryu adopts training methods seen in Okinawa and later in Japan in kyukushin - wood breaking to perfect the bone breaking methods - striking sand and gravel, then later stone to condition the hands and other striking tools
The 10th Soke of Gyokko Ryu founded the Koto Ryu
This ryu also teaches sword, and uses the four point shaken shuriken
A school of koppojutsu, (骨法術) , shurikenjutsu, and kenjutsu
Koto Ryu koppojutsu began with Toda Sakyo Isshinsai during the Tenmon Era (1532 - 1550) after learning Gyokko Ryu shitojutsu. It is a sister art of "Gyokko Ryu" kosshijutsu (玉虎流骨指術). Toda taught both of these arts and they were handed down within Iga Ryu until reaching Soke Toda Tokugawa period.
The foundation of "Togakure Ryu" ninpo comes from the unarmed combative movements of Koto Ryu and Gyokko Ryu.
It can be translated as "Knocking down the Tiger" School, which is an image shared with its sister school, Gyokko Ryu, the "Jeweled Tiger School".
In addition Koto Ryu includes a 4 pointed "Hira Shuriken" or "Shaken" along with blade fighting.
In Koto ryu there are about 50 katas divided into four levels: Shoden, Chuden, Okuden and Hekito levels.
The first and most basic level is Shoden, which includes 18 Katas.
The second level is Chuden, and includes 12 katas.
Third level is the Okuden and it has 12 katas
Fourth and last level is Hekito and it includes 8 Muto dori katas of empty hands versus a sword.
The main characteristic in this koryu is breaking the opponent's movement and posture. This strategy stems from being a Koppo jutsu system. Two advantages are gained by Tori – the first, disabling the opponent's attacking abilities and the second is the creation of an entrance into the opponent's weak points and posture.
Koto ryu katas are short; they do not include many movements. The source of the Koto ryu Kata is real combat situation and the solution to the problems in it. Because of this, the katas are very focused and revolve around specific techniques that relay a specific and short tactic. The use gravitates toward very simple punches, basic locks and no complicated transitions between throws and locks.
Kata in Koto Ryu look at situations that have maintained their relevance till this day. Most of them are 'street situations' and the scenarios are familiar:
1.Opponent grabbing with one hand
2.Opponent grabs the lapel with one hand and attacks with the other hand: Shato, Hoteki and Shito.
3.Opponent grabs or tries to grab with both hands: Saku geki, Keto, Oh gyaku, Yokuto, Ran Setsu, Kimon, Soto, Shisen and Santo.
4.Opponent attacks with one punch: Kompi, Hida and Koyoku.
5.Opponent attacks with two successive punches: Kata maki, Ura nami, Kyogi, Kako, Shihaku, Tan geki, Hosoku, Suito.
Some of the Kata are very aggressive; Tori initiates the attack in these Kata during or after walking toward the opponent
Jo Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
This book is Taijutsu - Unarmed defence against unarmed attack
Chu Ryaku no Maki 中略之巻 , Gyokko ryu
This book deals with Mutodori - Unarmed defence against short sword or knife attacks
Dashin kata, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Hane tsurube, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Horaku kata, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Housen kata, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Korai, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Seito kata, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Shien, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Ujaku kata, Chu Ryaku no Maki level - Gyokko ryu
Ge-Ryaku no Maki
This book deals with full Mutodori - Unarmed Defence against attack with Katana
Gyokko Ryu means Jade Tiger or Jewelled Tiger, depending on the translation. GYOK - Jade, KO - Tiger.
(Byak Ko means White Tiger)
The techniques emphasized in the Gyokko school are:
1. Bone breaking and muscle damage - Koshijutsu
2. Using the fingers for striking and maiming - Shitojutsu
3. Sword and stick fighting - Kenjutsu, and Bojutsu
Gyokko Ryu has 2 main sections:
1. Taijutsu - unarmed against unarmed
2. Muto dori - unarmed against short sword and knife, and unarmed against katana
Cho Gyokko was the teacher who brought the school to Japan from China during the Tang dynasty. It was handed down from generation to generation Soke to Soke. Gyokko Ryū Shitojutsu was established in the Tenmon period (1532 - 1550) with Gyokko Ryū Koshijutsu being developed by the next Soke Toda, the 10th.
Its sister school is the Koto Ryū, also created by Soke Toda.
Both Gyokko Ryū and Koto Ryū were taught by Toda to the subsequent generations, until the late Tokugawa period (mid (19th Century).
Techniques from Gyokko Ryū and Koto Ryū became the foundation for techniques of Togakure Ryū Ninjutsu.
Tiger Striking Schools existed in India, China and Tibet from the Tang Dynasty c 600 - 900 AD, the foundation of Koshijutsu - fast movements to deliver strikes to specific targets on the opponent's body - Kempo.
Gyokko Ryu is the Jewelled Tiger School of Koshijutsu.
The 9 Rules of Gyokko Ryu:
1.The character ‘nin’ means to guard the nation with one’s life
2.Forget the self, be patient, and do not fear dying
3.When in danger say or show nothing
4.As a strong enemy comes, keep an indomitable spirit
5.Serve and protect the master as you must your own parents
6.Vices dissipate your proficiency
7.Being drunk affects your judgment
8.Destroy your enemy’s power but not his life
9.Don’t teach to others without the master’s permission
A maxim regarding reasonable force:
"when a fight is about to start, do not let the opponent win, but take him down with a technique that is only as strong as is needed to match the situation"
And this saying:
"The warrior’s heart is precious and essential"
The Gyokko Ryu and Koto Ryu compliment each other perfectly as a school of koshijutsu and a school of koppokutsu.
To study both schools together is to create a complete system of Taijutsu, and the foundation for the movement and strategy in Ninjutsu.
Short and long ranges, strikes, kicks, locks and takedowns.
Koshijutsu uses muscle and nerve attacking Atemi as a precursor to the lock and TD. Koppojutsu focuses on bone breaking strikes, backed up by locks and td. Two approaches to Kempo Ju Jutsu, both with their roots in Chinese Kempo and Chin Na.
KIHON HAPPO - Eight Infinate
KOSHI KIHON SANPO
TORITE KIHON GOHO
Omote Gyaku Tsuki
SANSHIN NO KATA
Based on the Godai Five Elements
Chi - Earth
Sui - Water
Ka - Fire
Fu - Wind
Ku - Void
The Ge-Ryaku no Maki of Gyokko Ryu deals with full Mutodori - Unarmed Defence against attack with Katana
The basic Mutodori of Ninpo is based on 3 of the Kamae of Gyokko Ryu, found in TenRyaku, the Book Of Heaven.
The Kamae used are:
Hira - receiving
Ichimonji - defensive
Jumonji - offensive
Just as the Koshi Kihon Sanpo, from the TenRyaku, is used as a basis before starting the JoRyaku Taijutsu book, The TenRyaku Mutodori are a basis to learn before practicing the GeRyaku Mutadori
Gyokko Ryu (Jewelled tiger school)
The oldest ryuha.
Based on Chinese Kempo, with roots in Tiger Crane, strikes are made to muscles and nerves - a lot of Second Rule. There is also Chinese Chin Na - muscle seizing and tearing.
Closely resembles kung fu, tiger crane, with some dragon, snake.
Taijutsu kihon happo comes from this ryu.
The changing of direction mid flow gives us evasion and distance in defence, adds torque and power in our counters, and makes it hard for the opponent to read us so he in turn can't counter.
The 10th Soke of Gyokko Ryu founded the Koto Ryu school of koppojutsu
Sunday, 7 July 2019
Sparring as it developed in karate competition through the 70s to 80s to early 90s
Traditional karate kumite - free sparring - based on Karate Kumite
Kyukushin - Knockdown and clicker
Seidokan - put on box gloves and allow head punches - Full Contact Karate
K1 - Kickboxing
we still use karate kumite, and boxing hands only, as the basis for STMA freestyle kb
we also have regularly covered 3 arts:
freestyle karate - SC KB
the purpose of going into an art, system or style to adopt a training method is to fill in the gaps in what we do, to make everything airtight
as above fow between isolations
kb v box, lead side only, etc
flow between arts
chi sao, karate, pads karate
SC, box gloves, FC
stick sparring is fun and takes a level of control and skill
involves disarms, iai, and pickups
we do CRA from hubud
we do kempo from a punch
numerada means to pick up a punch or weapon attack and flow into CRA
also hubud into a kempo set
kb spar on the mat
a bit like UFC
Numerada is the drill that takes us back to long range, both armed and unarmed and allows us to take control of the fight at the entry phase and then close to CRA to finish.
eg: Gunting against a punch flowing into CRA rather than from the continuous flow of hubud.
For CRA we use hubud as our core drill. Though it is not sparring a such it can be done with stick, knife and empty hands and unites all the phases at this range and makes trapping functional as the range that sits between kb and grappling.
We currently practice the 9 CRA methods out of hubud:
At STMA we have 4 main kinds of sparring:
Kali - kickboxing - unarmed - Vale Tudo
each of these has 4 phases to it.
stick and knife
knife and hand
this is a mix of striking and grappling
- in the unarmed phase this blends kb and grappling with strikes on the ground
- the the armed phase this allows a stick fight to go to ground
so the 4 phases are:
each of these sparring phases has drills which can be isolated
eg sinawalli with double stix
thai pads for thai
At STMA we take progressive sparring to new levels.
Lead hand only
Cross only - gyaku zuki in karate
Jab v Cross
Boxing v jab only
Boxing v cross
Boxing v lead hand only
Boxing v kicks only
Boxing v kickboxing
Boxing v lead foot only
Lead hand and foot
v kicks only
Boxing and lead foot
v lead hand and foot
v lead hand and foot
Thai - add knees
v lo kix
Throws and takedowns
both gis - Judo
Both no gi - wrestling
Judo v wrestling
Newaza - jacket or no jacket
pins v sub
jacket v no jacket
add hand strikes
add all strikes - HKE
v Thai boxing
v lo kix
v Thai boxer
Bruce Lee listed 21 phases of progressive sparring:
lead jab only
lead hand only
lead hand and foot only
lead hand and foot v boxing
lead hand and foot v kicboxing
lead hand and foot v kicks only
jab v cross
boxing v boxing
boxing v kicks
boxing v box and lead foot
boxing v kickboxing
boxing v lead foot
boxing and lead foot both
boxing and lead foot v kicks
boxing and lead foot v kickboxing
add knees and elbows
add takedowns and throws
kickboxing v grappling
boxing v grappling